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3d胆码预测:BitTorrent技术之父:科恩

来源: 作者: 时间:2014-01-08

3d胆码预测,进一步简化招标投标程序,尽快实现招标投标交易全过程电子化,推行网上异地评标。不要指望世界第一人口大国只会建造2艘航母。武则天看过大喜,赞不绝口,认为“文理兼美”,并大声朗读给群臣听,大家听后“左右莫不称善”。Amidallthehypecreatedbyfourarticlespublishedbyoverseasmediaaboutthe"torture"ofdetainedChineselawyerXieYang,investigationsbyreportersandaninvestigativeteamhaveshowedthattheaccusationswerenothingbutcleverlyorchestratedlies.XieYang,alawyerincentralChina'sHunanProvince,wasputunderinvestigationbypoliceinJuly2015forsuspectedincitingsubversionofstatepoweranddisruptingcourtorder,andplacedunder"residentialsurveillanceinadesignatedlocation."ThefourstoriescarriedbyoverseasmediabetweenOct.11andNov.15,2016wereentirelyfabricatedbydisbarredBeijinglawyerJiangTianyong,46,whowasaimingtocatertothetastesofwesterninstitutionsandmediaorganizationsandtousepublicopiniontopressurepoliceandsmeartheChinesegovernment.Thestorieswereessentiallyfakenews.IMAGINATION-BASED"TORTURESTORIES"JiangwasdetainedonNov.21,2016afterattemptingtousesomebodyelse'sidentificationcardtotaketrain.Hewasfoundtobecarryingsevenmobilephones,11SIMcardsandsevenbankcards.Policeinvestigationsshowedthathewasalsosuspectedofbeinginpossessionofdocumentsthatwererelatedtostatesecrets,andincitingsubversionofstatepower.Heiscurrentlyunder"coercivemeasures,"whichcanincludesummonsbyforce,bail,residentialsurveillance,detentionandarrest.JiangconfessedthataftertheFengruiLawFirminBeijingwasputunderpoliceinvestigationinJuly2016,hehadbeenorganizingpeople,includingrelativesofsuspectsinvolvedinthecase,tocarryplacards,createdisturbancesandsecureinterviewstomisleadoverseasreporters.AfterXiewasdetained,JiangmetwithXie'swife,surnamedChen,inSeptemberlastyear.HeincitedhertoinventXie'storturestoriesandpostthemonline.Accordingtothelaw,withoutpoliceapprovalthedefenselawyercouldnotmeetwithcriminalsuspectsincustodyduringaninvestigationiftheywereinvolvedincriminalcasesincludingendangeringnationalsecurity,terrorismorseriousbribery.BothJiangandChenhadnotseenXieduringhisdetention.However,toconvincethepublic,JianggaveCheninstructions,tellingher:--Fatigueinterrogationmusthavebeenusedbythepoliceanditwasakindoftorture;--Xiewasnotasmoker,buttheinvestigatorswereusuallyshownonTVasheavysmokersthatstayupallnightduringinterrogation,andthattheycouldmakeupthestoryofXiebeingfumigatedwithsmoke,andthiswasalsoakindoftorture;--Xiehadnotrecoveredfromafractureinhisrightlegbeforehisarrest,andthattheycouldpretendthattheinvestigatorstorturedhimbyhurtinghisinjuredleg;--TheycouldpretendXiewasbeatenupduringinterrogation.SuchcoachingshowsthatJiangwasalltooawarehowpeopleandthemediacouldeasilybemanipulatedforhisowncriminalends."Peoplecouldbeeasilyconvincedifwemingledthetruewiththefalse,"Jiangsaid."IlaterrewroteandpolishedChen'storturestory,splititintopartsandpublishedthemininstalmentstoarousesustainedattentiononXie'scase."Jiangsaidhealsosentthefakestoriesto"activists"overseas.XIEINGOODCONDITIONWhentheHunanProvincialPeople'sProcuratoratelearntaboutthemediareportsaboutXie,itsetupanindependentteamtoinvestigate.Theteam'sreport,resultingfromaninvestigationofXie'sfellowinmates,interrogators,relatedpersonnelwhenhewasunderresidentialsurveillance,andXiehimself,showedthatthe,so-called,torturedidnothappen.AcriminalsuspectsurnamedWu,whosharedacellwithXieforthreemonths,saidXieclaimedthathewasverycomfortablewhenhewasheldunderresidentialsurveillance."Xietoldmethathehadseveraldishesforeachmealandthepolicedarednottomistreathim,"Wusaid.Xie'sinteractionwithreporterstellsadifferenttaletothe"torture"story:hewalkedsteady,tookfirmstepsandactednaturallyduringhisinterviewwiththereporters;hetoldreportersthathesleptninehourseveryday,couldgetaccesstoessentialphysicalexaminations,andwasinagoodphysicalcondition;hesaidheenjoyeddecentfoodandclothingandalsoreceivedclothesandcottonquiltsfromhisfamilylastwinter.Hecouldmaintaincommunicationwithhisfamilymembersevenwhenhewasunderresidentialsurveillance.AlettersentbyXie'swifetothepoliceonJan.5,2016,alsoshowsthatXiewastreatedwell."YouhaveboughtmedicineforXieYang'sleg,passedourletterstoeachother,whichconveyedmy,andourchild's,yearningforXieandXie'syearningforus.Thishasmadeusnotthatlonelyinthepasthalfyear,"shewrote."Iappreciateyourpeople-orientedmanagementofXie.Althoughit'snotconvenientforyoutotellmeabouthiscase,weknowthatXieissafeandcomfortabletherethroughhisletter."WhenthejudicialorgantoldChenshecouldmeetXieduringhiscustody,ChenwasveryhappyandsentanotetoXiethroughthepolice,sayingthatshewouldmeethimat3p.m.thesameday.However,shechangedhermindhalfanhourlater.JiangsaidthathepersuadedChennottomeetXie,becausehewasafraidthismightupsethisplan.Asaresult,XiehasnotbeenabletomeetChensofar.Confessinghisguiltandshowingremorse,Jiangsaidhehadcreatedtroubleforthepolice,attackedtheChinesegovernmentandsmearedtheimageofthejudicialorgans.Healsoexpressedhishopethatthosewhodidsimilarillegalactswouldlearnalessonfromhimandstartafresh."It'snottoolate,"hesaid.  

,OneofmyfriendshashadapoodlecalledSnowforyears.Itrecentlygavebirthtofourpuppies,andsheaskedifIwouldbeinterestedinhavingone."It'snotmuchworktakingcareofapuppy,allyouneedtodoiswalkandfeedhim,"shesaid.Butshewasalsoquicktoadd:"ForSnow,IjustbuyimporteddogfoodsinceIhavenotimeforcooking,thatcosts1,000yuan($145)amonthincludingsnacks.Herliverisnotfunctioningwell,andthedoctorhasprescribedsomeliversupplementhealthproducts,whichcostapproximately300yuanamonth."Ihesitated."It'sgettingmoreconvenienttokeepapetnowunlikebefore.Therearepethospitalseverywhereandifyouneedtoleavetown,justfindapet-sittingplacefor200yuanadayandshe'llbetakengoodcareof.Oh,bytheway,dogclothesshopstotallyblowyourmindandthevestsarejustadorable.""Youcanalsotakehimtodogcafeteriaswhenhe'solder.Therearealsodogsocialnetworks,dogswimmingpools,bring-your-dogcinemasandbring-your-dogbars,andadogkindergartentoo."Stunned,Iturneddowntheoffer.AccordingtomarketresearchfirmEuromonitor,some30millionhouseholds,ornearly7percentofthenationwidetotal,ownedadogin2015.TheNationalBureauofStatisticssaidChinaisthethirdintheworldfordogownership,behindonlytheUnitedStatesandBrazil.TotalconsumptioninthepetindustryontheChinesemainlandreached97.8billionyuanin2015,andislikelytosurpass200billionyuanby2020.MultinationalsincludingMarsandNestleallwantapieceofthisbigpie,whilesomedomesticdogfoodbrandslikeNoryPet,AojiaandNusunpetarealsovyingforashare.Dogfoodsalesaloneareexpectedtoalmosttrebletoover$760millionby2019,Euromonitordatashow,asincreasingdisposableincomesmakekeepingapetanaffordableluxuryformoreChinese,especiallyinmoredevelopedcities.Afriendofmine,ChenYu,a37-year-olddoghouseownerinHangzhou,saidraisingadogismoreofasymbolofsuccessandwealthformanyChinese,especiallypurebreddogs.MyneighborrecentlyboughtapetinsuranceforherAkitadogandsignedupforadogkindergartenforhiminthedaytimewhenshe'sattheoffice,whichiswhatI'malreadyabouttodoformy10-month-oldson.TheAkitathathaveoriginsinnorthernJapanhavebecomeverypopularwithChinesethankstotheirmildtemperamentandbeingloyaltotheirowner,hetoldme.Apurebreddogcostssome30,000yuanandmostofthequeuingbuyersarewealthycoupleswithnokidsorsinglefemales,saidChen.Obviouslyraisingadogisnotjustaboutfeeding,walkingandcleaningupafterthem.Asamotherandworkingprofessional,Isimplycannotaffordtohaveadog,nomatterhowgooditmaymakemefeel.  Amidallthehypecreatedbyfourarticlespublishedbyoverseasmediaaboutthe"torture"ofdetainedChineselawyerXieYang,investigationsbyreportersandaninvestigativeteamhaveshowedthattheaccusationswerenothingbutcleverlyorchestratedlies.XieYang,alawyerincentralChina'sHunanProvince,wasputunderinvestigationbypoliceinJuly2015forsuspectedincitingsubversionofstatepoweranddisruptingcourtorder,andplacedunder"residentialsurveillanceinadesignatedlocation."ThefourstoriescarriedbyoverseasmediabetweenOct.11andNov.15,2016wereentirelyfabricatedbydisbarredBeijinglawyerJiangTianyong,46,whowasaimingtocatertothetastesofwesterninstitutionsandmediaorganizationsandtousepublicopiniontopressurepoliceandsmeartheChinesegovernment.Thestorieswereessentiallyfakenews.IMAGINATION-BASED"TORTURESTORIES"JiangwasdetainedonNov.21,2016afterattemptingtousesomebodyelse'sidentificationcardtotaketrain.Hewasfoundtobecarryingsevenmobilephones,11SIMcardsandsevenbankcards.Policeinvestigationsshowedthathewasalsosuspectedofbeinginpossessionofdocumentsthatwererelatedtostatesecrets,andincitingsubversionofstatepower.Heiscurrentlyunder"coercivemeasures,"whichcanincludesummonsbyforce,bail,residentialsurveillance,detentionandarrest.JiangconfessedthataftertheFengruiLawFirminBeijingwasputunderpoliceinvestigationinJuly2016,hehadbeenorganizingpeople,includingrelativesofsuspectsinvolvedinthecase,tocarryplacards,createdisturbancesandsecureinterviewstomisleadoverseasreporters.AfterXiewasdetained,JiangmetwithXie'swife,surnamedChen,inSeptemberlastyear.HeincitedhertoinventXie'storturestoriesandpostthemonline.Accordingtothelaw,withoutpoliceapprovalthedefenselawyercouldnotmeetwithcriminalsuspectsincustodyduringaninvestigationiftheywereinvolvedincriminalcasesincludingendangeringnationalsecurity,terrorismorseriousbribery.BothJiangandChenhadnotseenXieduringhisdetention.However,toconvincethepublic,JianggaveCheninstructions,tellingher:--Fatigueinterrogationmusthavebeenusedbythepoliceanditwasakindoftorture;--Xiewasnotasmoker,buttheinvestigatorswereusuallyshownonTVasheavysmokersthatstayupallnightduringinterrogation,andthattheycouldmakeupthestoryofXiebeingfumigatedwithsmoke,andthiswasalsoakindoftorture;--Xiehadnotrecoveredfromafractureinhisrightlegbeforehisarrest,andthattheycouldpretendthattheinvestigatorstorturedhimbyhurtinghisinjuredleg;--TheycouldpretendXiewasbeatenupduringinterrogation.SuchcoachingshowsthatJiangwasalltooawarehowpeopleandthemediacouldeasilybemanipulatedforhisowncriminalends."Peoplecouldbeeasilyconvincedifwemingledthetruewiththefalse,"Jiangsaid."IlaterrewroteandpolishedChen'storturestory,splititintopartsandpublishedthemininstalmentstoarousesustainedattentiononXie'scase."Jiangsaidhealsosentthefakestoriesto"activists"overseas.XIEINGOODCONDITIONWhentheHunanProvincialPeople'sProcuratoratelearntaboutthemediareportsaboutXie,itsetupanindependentteamtoinvestigate.Theteam'sreport,resultingfromaninvestigationofXie'sfellowinmates,interrogators,relatedpersonnelwhenhewasunderresidentialsurveillance,andXiehimself,showedthatthe,so-called,torturedidnothappen.AcriminalsuspectsurnamedWu,whosharedacellwithXieforthreemonths,saidXieclaimedthathewasverycomfortablewhenhewasheldunderresidentialsurveillance."Xietoldmethathehadseveraldishesforeachmealandthepolicedarednottomistreathim,"Wusaid.Xie'sinteractionwithreporterstellsadifferenttaletothe"torture"story:hewalkedsteady,tookfirmstepsandactednaturallyduringhisinterviewwiththereporters;hetoldreportersthathesleptninehourseveryday,couldgetaccesstoessentialphysicalexaminations,andwasinagoodphysicalcondition;hesaidheenjoyeddecentfoodandclothingandalsoreceivedclothesandcottonquiltsfromhisfamilylastwinter.Hecouldmaintaincommunicationwithhisfamilymembersevenwhenhewasunderresidentialsurveillance.AlettersentbyXie'swifetothepoliceonJan.5,2016,alsoshowsthatXiewastreatedwell."YouhaveboughtmedicineforXieYang'sleg,passedourletterstoeachother,whichconveyedmy,andourchild's,yearningforXieandXie'syearningforus.Thishasmadeusnotthatlonelyinthepasthalfyear,"shewrote."Iappreciateyourpeople-orientedmanagementofXie.Althoughit'snotconvenientforyoutotellmeabouthiscase,weknowthatXieissafeandcomfortabletherethroughhisletter."WhenthejudicialorgantoldChenshecouldmeetXieduringhiscustody,ChenwasveryhappyandsentanotetoXiethroughthepolice,sayingthatshewouldmeethimat3p.m.thesameday.However,shechangedhermindhalfanhourlater.JiangsaidthathepersuadedChennottomeetXie,becausehewasafraidthismightupsethisplan.Asaresult,XiehasnotbeenabletomeetChensofar.Confessinghisguiltandshowingremorse,Jiangsaidhehadcreatedtroubleforthepolice,attackedtheChinesegovernmentandsmearedtheimageofthejudicialorgans.Healsoexpressedhishopethatthosewhodidsimilarillegalactswouldlearnalessonfromhimandstartafresh."It'snottoolate,"hesaid.  报道称,受访者对特朗普提出的政策也多持肯定态度。美国雪城大学的布莱尔电视和流行文化中心主任罗伯特·汤姆森表示:科尔伯特的节目变得在政治上更加咄咄逼人。

新葡京手机娱乐场下载,第二章 残疾预防 残疾预防工作应当覆盖全人群和全生命周期,以社区和家庭为基础,坚持普遍预防和重点防控相结合。依照前款规定作出的评估结果属于残疾儿童、少年的隐私,仅可被用于对残疾儿童、少年实施教育、康复。(新华调查)为了和平,飞越天险——“驼峰航线”见证中美70多年情谊新华网成都10月22日电(记者童方、丁静、李倩薇)10月22日,在成都建川博物馆聚落的飞虎奇兵馆前,建川博物馆馆长樊建川将在西藏若果冰川找到的“驼峰航线”美军骸骨郑重地移交给了美国国防部战俘及失踪军人统计署高级顾问詹姆士·达比。当初,英国地产公司与加拿大OxfordProperties共同开发了这栋大楼,分别持股50%权益。

 

【科技英雄传】BitTorrent技术之父:科恩

 

布拉姆·科恩(Bram Cohen),出生于1975年10月12日,是一位美国计算机程序员,最知名的成就是编写了点对点文件共享协议BitTorrent,并且开发了第一款利用该协议的文件共享程序。他还是CodeCon创始人、旧金山Bay Area p2p-hackers会议的组织者、Codeville的编写者。

科恩出生于纽约曼哈顿,父母分别是教师和计算机科学家。他自称5岁时就在家里的Timex Sinclair计算机上学会了BASIC编程语言。他通过了美国高中数学邀请赛,并参加了美国数学奥林匹克竞赛。

1993年高中毕业后进入纽约州立大学布法罗分校学习。但不久后就从大学辍学,上世纪90年代中期开始为多家互联网公司工作,参与的最后一个项目是MojoNation。

MojoNation允许用户把机密文件分解成块加密,并将其传输到其他运行该软件的计算机。如果有人想下载一份加密文件的副本,那么他必定要同时从许多计算机上下载。

科恩认为,这个理念非常适于文件共享编程,因为从一台计算机上下载文件的KaZaA等程序需要花费很多时间,科恩设计的BitTorrent能够同时从多个来源下载文件,进而加快了下载速度,尤其是对于下载速度高于上传速度的用户。也就是说,一个文件越受欢迎,用户的下载速度就越快,因为很多人可以同时下载,进而能够同时将数据上传给其他用户。

2001年4月,科恩退出了MojoNation项目,开始专心研究BitTorrent技术,并在首届CodeCon大会上展示了自己的全新理念。科恩用Python语言编写了首款BitTorrent客户端,随后其他程序也采用了该协议。

2002年夏天,科恩收集了一些免费的色情文件,吸引人们使用该程序。BitTorrent因为快速下载大型音乐和电影文件而声名大噪。面对侵权质问,科恩声称自己从未利用该软件违背版权法律。不过他也直言不讳地批评,当前的媒体业务注定失败,尽管RIAA(美国唱片业协会)和MPAA(美国电影协会)采取了一些法律和技术手段,例如数字版权管理等。

2003年下半年,科恩加盟Valve Software公司,参与开发在游戏《半条命2》中使用的数据传输系统,名为Steam。2004年,他从Valve Software公司离职,与自己的哥哥罗斯·科恩(Ross Cohen)和商业伙伴阿什文·纳文(Ashwin Navin)一同创建了BitTorrent公司。2012年,他宣布推出基于互联网的BitTorrent Live for TV测试版。

2005年底,科恩和纳文与MPAA签署了协议,撤除BitTorrent官方网站上的非法内容链接。这个与美国七家最大的电影公司签署的协议,意味着BitTorrent网站将遵守《数字千年版权法》提出的规定。

因为编写BitTorrent协议,科恩获得了一系列褒奖,包括:2004年获得《连线》杂志Rave奖,2005年入围麻省理工学院TR35(即世界上35位最优秀的35岁以下科技创新人才),2005年入选《时代》杂志评选的百位最有影响力人物(排名第15位),2006年获得USENIX软件工具用户组织奖,2010年入围Internet Evolution 100人物(排名第17位)。

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